Research note: excerpts from “Julian Assange speaks about AI controlled Facebook propaganda”, June 12, Wikileaks.

Photo: Copyright Timothy Allen .


“Human beings have always been influenced by sophisticated systems of production, of information and experience” which, in turn, shape the thoughts of human beings.
“What I think is probably the most important development happening as far as the fate of human beings is concerned, is that we are getting close to the threshold where the traditional propaganda function that is employed by BBC, Daily Mail, etc. […] can be encapsulated by AI processes.”
“When you have artificial intelligence programs harvesting [data uploaded to social media] and it starts to lay out perceptual influence campaigns 20-30 moves ahead this starts to become totally beneath the level of human perception. And once a computer augmented organization such as Google is able to engage in influencing human beings…beneath human perception there’s nothing we can do about it because we can’t see it”.
“[A]nd if you can do that more than others can do it, you win… so that’s where I think we’re going in terms of politics. If you look at that kind of prediction of the future, we’re all doomed from that viewpoint because reality becomes invisible. Reality becomes something that is unperceivable by us as individuals.”
“[T]he most immediate way of generating capital from artificial intelligence is to sell access to it. Just like Google sells access to Google search…[by] you sell[ing] yourself. You sell what you wanted to search and you sell your attention to Google by searching. That’s surveillance capitalism. You give a little bit of your insight to who you are to Google by searching and in exchange all the resources it has and its capacities you can use to get the result.”
“[I]nsofar it has a very serious increase in AI capacity it can lease that AI capacity to other organizations to get knowledge about those other organizations in terms of surveillance capital flow, or just for money. It’s a way getting profit fast for Google… [I]n that dynamic of acquisition of capital, exchange of intelligence capacity, who ends up winning?
You end up with, basically, [either] a diversification like is done to a degree with Google search, where every individual who has access to it effectively ends up with something like the ability that the state department once had. So you have access to enormous archives produced around the world.
Or, we move towards a situation where Google or an equivalent organization is able to acquire so much more in terms of capital flows, in terms of knowledge, about how organizations are working by collecting what they want to do with this AI capacity.
Then you can end up with very, very substantial [and] powerful organizations that are operating at a level beneath what human beings can perceive, and ultimately move into a situation where what human beings are interested in becomes totally irrelevant because you have computerized organizations and manufacturing processes, and automated transport flows, etc. which make human beings just inefficient and irrelevant… and [human beings] are treated like we treat irritating animals like moles, for example, that are getting in the way of our ability to use the land for something else.”
“[H]uman beings have been extremely foolish. Surveillance capitalism, as a model, has meant that we’ve all been in the process of putting our lives onto the internet… giving our lives over to these Silicon Valley companies, so Silicon Valley datastores now have a very, very rich description of reality as experienced by human beings, and some bits of data not experienced by human beings like stock market indexes and so on—and that is what artificial intelligences are trained on.”
“[W]hat we have done is given [Google, Facebook, etc.] Rosetta Stones, keys to how human beings think and how we manage our political structures and our social structures and our language structures—visual and word examples in the trillions—so it’s all there, the full description of humanity is all there in all its beauty, horror, and detail—it’s all there to be gleaned from, learned from, and extracted like an open cut mine. And you just need to construct various… types of artificial intelligence that simply mine this out—the collective digitized experience of humanity.”

For one, I think it perfectly illustrates the contradiction between social production and private appropriation. Social media is just that: social. Yet its ownership and administration is private. So is all the data produced by our interaction with each other digitally. It’s not used, by and large, for a social purpose but a private purpose: profit. What Google etc. are attempting is algorithmic automation; essentially, that’s AI. When algorithms can maintain and write themselves the less programmers and other support staff are needed. On the consumer side, the actual interests and emotions of the humans producing the data appropriated by these companies are irrelevant. Assange’s Surveillance Capitalism is the dominance of the producer by the product. I.e. social media dominating the individual. Every tweet on Twitter or post to Facebook is value production. It’s digital socializing as free labor-power. The old adage of “if it’s free you’re the product” rings especially true with social media, and just as it is with selling your labor-power to an employer, interacting with your family, friends, strangers etc. on social media is cloaked in the appearance of a free and equal exchange. Your time and input in exchange for access to the network. In fact, you are being exploited. But due to the nature of the exchange the exploitation is hidden. Further still, the value of your time and input and the value your time and input creates for the company “are two different magnitudes”, to cite Engels. The aggregate of that data, as illustrated by Assange, provides a rich source of income to Silicon Valley giants by them selling access to advertisers, for example, while the algorithms (perhaps AI eventually) can be leased to other enterprises, further expanding the market opportunities of the company. What you produce for the company is orders of magnitudes more valuable than what your input would suggest, especially the mundane details and dramas of your everyday life; and yet, you are producing value when these are uploaded to social media. More attention and more rigorous analysis is required to either prove or disprove these conjectures.